ESCHERICHIA COLI O157 - Science
• Molecular detection of shiga toxin-producing (stx1) Escherichia coli and rotavirus in stools of children with diarrhea.
Villalobos de B LB, Martínez RE, Blanco AC, Maldonado AJ, Bastardo JW.
Invest Clin. 2008 Sep;49(3):387-95. [Article in Spanish]
The presence of E. coli producer of shiga toxin and rotavirus was investigated in 90 stool samples from children less than 3 years old with diarrhea. Three aliquots were separated from each sample: the first one underwent previous enrichment for E. coli O157, the second one was plated on agar MacConkey-Sorbitol and Red Eosine with MUG, and the last one was frozen at -70 degrees C for the later analysis of rotavirus. The search of the antigen O157 of E. coli was carried out by immunochromatography in vitro of Coris Bioconcept (Belgium). The presence of the antigen O157 (rbf O157) and the genes that code for the shiga toxin (stx1 and stx2) were determined by PCR. Rotavirus were detected by electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gels. The 90 samples analyzed by immunochromatography were negative for the antigen O157. The isolates were STEC strains non O157 and contained the gene sx1, showing a 10% of positivity. The electrophoresis for the viral RNA detected rotavirus in 21 (23.33%) samples. This result confirms the rotavirus prevalence and suggests, that the circulation of STEC strains non O157 is an indication of the involvement of these strains in the ethiology of acute diarrheas.
• Impact of the direct application of therapeutic agents to the terminal recta of experimentally colonized calves on Escherichia coli O157:H7 shedding.
Naylor SW, Nart P, Sales J, Flockhart A, Gally DL, Low JC.
Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007 Mar;73(5):1493-500. Epub 2007 Jan 12.
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 is an important intestinal pathogen of humans with a main reservoir of domesticated ruminants, particularly cattle. It is anticipated that the risk of human infection can be reduced by controlling the organism within its reservoir hosts. Several options for the control of E. coli O157:H7 in cattle have been proposed, but none have been demonstrated to be successful in the field. Here we describe a novel experimental method, based on the terminal-rectum-restricted colonization described previously, to eliminate fecal carriage of E. coli O157:H7. In experimentally challenged calves, direct application to the rectal mucosa of either of two therapeutic agents, polymyxin B or chlorhexidine, greatly reduced bacterial shedding levels in the immediate posttreatment period. The most efficacious therapeutic agent, chlorhexidine, was compared in orally and rectally challenged calves. The treatment eliminated high-level shedding and reduced low-level shedding by killing bacteria at the terminal rectum. A rapid-detection system based on the ability to identify E. coli O157:H7 from swabs of the rectal mucosa was also assessed. This test was sufficiently sensitive to identify high-level bacterial carriage. Thus, a combination of the detection method and treatment regimens could be used in the field to eliminate high-level fecal excretion of E. coli O157:H7, so greatly reducing its prevalence within this host and the risk of human infection.